Earlier this week, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Small Business Capital Formation Advisory Committee met to discuss how capital markets are serving underrepresented segments of entrepreneurship and small businesses. As we all know, every early-stage firm needs to have access to capital to thrive and survive. Yet certain segments, including minorities and women, struggle to gain access to capital due to a plethora of reasons and myopic rules.
A presentation delivered by the Office of the Advocate for Small business Capital Formation, provided some data points highlighting the challenge.
According to the Advocate, since 2007 there has been a dramatic (38%) increase in the number of minority-owned businesses. Yet these same businesses start with far lower funding than white-owned businesses.
Women founded businesses have jumped significantly too. In 2001, just 4% of startups were founded by women. In 2018, 21.6% of startups were founded by women. Yet women gained a fraction of the capital that male founders were able to attract.
Regarding female investors, the Advocate shared that 29.5% of angel investors are women and just 11% of VCs are women. As well, 71% of VC firms have no female partners.
The COVID pandemic has hit underserved segments hard. The Advocate shared the decline of small businesses during the period from February to April 2020:
- Overall – 15 million businesses declined to 11.7 million or 22%
- Women-owned businesses dropped from 5.4 million to 4 million
- African American businesses declined 41% or from 1.1 million to 640,000
- Latin American owned businesses decreased by 32% or from 2.1 million to 1.4 million
- Asian owned businesses went down 26% from 885,000 to 655,000
Obviously, COVID is having a negative impact on all small businesses but underserved segments have been undermined on a disproportionate basis. While government programs have helped, more needs to be done. Access to capital via digital funding portals and participating broker-dealers can supplant these government programs.
During a presentation, Rodney Sampson, a longtime crowdfunding advocate, founder of OHUB, a venture partner at Draper Goren Holm, Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institute, author and much more, advocated on behalf of improvements to the crowdfunding ecosystem including increases to the funding cap of Reg CF and Reg A+ as well as changes to the definition of an accredited investor.
Sampson was there at the beginning of the JOBS Act, working in partnership with others to the legislation passed into law, promoting the democratization of access to capital
Sampson stated at the Committee meeting:
“I support an increase to the Reg CF and Reg A+ limits if we can assure a streamlined process. I support a revision to the definition of an accredited investor to include but isn’t limited to reducing the net worth and annual recurring income.”
He also supports funds that enable broader access to early-stage investments by individuals currently excluded by the system in place:
“I support pooled funds, and special purpose vehicles similar to syndicates or funds, of non-accredited and accredited investors…”
Sampson believes certain improvements to the exempt offering ecosystem can “drive hyperlocal wealth creation and shared prosperity.”
The SEC is in the midst of an exempt offering ecosystem review and has the potential to accomplish exactly what Sampson is advocating and, in fact, has proposed some important improvements to level the playing field a bit more. As well, the Committee is on the record advocating for many of these changes. Expectations are for any updates to be announced before the end of the fiscal year.
The SEC’s proposals are viewable here.