Creators of NYCTA Graphics Standards Manual Project Return to Kickstarter With 1975 NASA Initiative

1975 NASA Graphics Standards Manual 2

A little less than a year after receiving $802,812 on Kickstarter for their New York City Transit Authority Standards Manual project, artists Jesse Reed and Hamish Smyth have returned to the crowdfunding platform to raise $158,000 for the Reissue of the 1975 NASA Graphics Standards Manual.

While revealing details about the project, Reed and Smyth wrote:

1975 NASA Graphics Standards Manual 6“[In 1972] Neil Armstrong has uttered his famous words. The Apollo era has come to an end. Public interest in space exploration wanes. After all, how do you top a man on the moon? Designers Richard Danne and Bruce Blackburn—of the New York firm Danne & Blackburn—walk into a room at NASA with a portfolio. Inside is a presentation that will change the face of NASA and their careers with it.


The presentation is a hit. The work is approved. But what Danne and Blackburn don’t know is that over the next 18 years, some people at NASA will attempt to revoke their work. And they will succeed in 1992. This Kickstarter campaign is a celebration of Danne and Blackburn’s work—brought back to earth 41 years after it was designed, and 23 years after it was lost.”

Sharing a more of a backstory about the manual, the duo unveiled its timeline:

  • 1975 NASA Graphics Standards Manual 51972: “With President Richard Nixon’s push, the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) initiates the “Federal Graphics Improvement Program,” to raise the standard of design and communications of US government agencies. At the time, the NASA’s graphics and communications were fragmented, old fashioned and had no clear, unified voice. NEA chairman Nancy Hanks identifies NASA as a prime candidate for a big win for the program.”
  • 1974: “The small and young design firm Danne & Blackburn—led by Richard Danne and Bruce Blackburn––receives a request for proposal (RFP) from NASA. Of the dozen or so RFPs, they are awarded the project, and set about designing their vision for the agency. Danne and Blackburn present their work to then NASA administrator Dr. James C. Fletcher, and his deputy, Dr. George Low [later that year].”
  • 1975 NASA Graphics Standards Manual 41975 – 85: “After the initial phase of work, the NASA Graphics Standards Manual is released as a 8.5 x 11” ring binder.  Over the next 10 years the manual will be added to, culminating in an extensive document that includes instructions on designing every aspect of NASA’s new identity—from letterheads to space shuttles. The new identity, which is spearheaded by a logotype that becomes known as the ‘Worm,’ works to unite NASA’s many departments through a single and cohesive visual language. “
  • 1992: “After almost two decades, and many challenges along the way, the Worm is rescinded by NASA. The previous logo, known as the ‘Meatball’ is reinstated.”
  • 2015: “Months after the completion our campaign to reissue the NYCTA Graphics Standards Manual, we contact Danne to ask about getting a copy of the NASA manual to potentially reissue it. He says yes.”

The duo also noted:


1975 NASA Graphics Standards Manual 7“Each page of the manual will be scanned and printed using CYMK + 5 Pantone spot colors. The manual contains three basic page formats: section dividers, standard pages, and gate folds. The standard sheets will be printed on the right side of each spread, with the section dividers including the front and back sides—this is consistent with the original ring-binder format.”

Specifications of the reissue are the following:

  • 1975 NASA Graphics Standards Manual 3Approximately 5lbs (2.3kg) on earth, 0.9lbs (2.3kg) on the moon
  • 200 pages including 10 gate folds
  • 93 plates printed from high-resolution scans of Danne’s personal copy of the manual
  • Images from the original presentation to NASA by Danne & Blackburn
  • 9.5 × 11.5″ (241 × 292mm)
  • CYMK + 5 Pantone® spot colors
  • Hardcover with soft touch lamination and two-color silkscreen
  • Printed in Italy
  • 100 gsm Yupo Original and Perigord Matte 135 gsm
  • Stochastic printing
  • Red head and tail bands
  • Individually packaged in static shielding pouch

In regards why they believe the NASA manual is worth reissuing, Reed and Smyth added:

1975 NASA Standard Manual“As design nerds, we think the Worm is almost perfect, and the system behind it is a wonderful example of modernist design and thinking. But for everyone, we think the Worm and its design system represent an agency whose goal is to explore space and push the boundaries of science. Where the Meatball feels cartoon-like and old fashioned; the worm feels sleek, futuristic, forward-thinking. All good things for a space agency at the bleeding-edge of science and exploration.


“We think this manual and others like it—regardless of the organization—are a beautiful example of rational, systematic design. The NASA manual is one of those examples that sets the standard for design excellence—a document well worth preserving for the future as a learning tool, a gorgeous object, and a moment in design history.”

Since its launch on Monday, the project has surpassed its initial goal and is over $320,000. Backers will receive the book March 2016. The campaign is set to close on October 5th.


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