Tagged: icos

Doug Ellenoff Comments on FINRA’s Priorities Letter & Intent to Target Online Securities Platforms, Points a Finger at ICOs

FINRA recently posted their annual Risk Monitoring and Examination Priorities Letter. As part of the letter, FINRA stated they would be evaluating how firms conduct suitability analyses as well as communications and AML requirements for both Reg D 506c and Reg A+ offerings. These two exemptions… Read More

Here is the OECD Report on Initial Coin Offerings to Support SMEs

Just about every international organization that touches finance has postulated on initial coin offerings (ICOs) and what should be done with this new form of access to capital. Last week, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) had their say. Last fall, the OECD… Read More

ICOs 2.0: Security Tokens Set to Take Centre Stage

Make way for the next generation of blockchain crowdfunding Alongside the rise of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) saw explosive growth in 2017, with more than 1,500 ICOs raising a combined total of over $28 billion in the last two years alone…. Read More

Report: Are ‘Smart Security Offerings’ the Evolution of Capital Formation?

Just published today is a presentation created by Ownera, NovaBlock Capital, and the Security Token Summit that outlines the evolution of capital formation with Security Token Offerings (STOs) or “Smart Security Offerings” being the most evolved iteration to date. While the initial coin offering (ICO)… Read More

European Securities and Markets Authority Tells European Commission that ICOs and Crypto Assets Need an EU Wide Regulatory Approach

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has just published its “Advice” on “Initial Coin Offerings and Crypto-Assets.” In the past, ESMA has issued several warnings regarding crypto-assets and virtual currencies. The Advice outlines ESMA’s position on the issues that exist in the rules within ESMA’s… Read More

Why Have Offshore Financial Centres Become the Home of ICOs?

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are booming in offshore financial centres. In 2017, only a small minority of cryptocurrency transactions were taking place offshore but just a year later, according to a study by PriceWaterhouseCoopers and CryptoValley, the Cayman Islands, British Virgin Islands (BVI) and Singapore… Read More

What the SEC’s ICO Crackdown Means For You

Recently, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has been actively pursuing all players in the initial coin offering (ICO) space, including companies that have raised money with ICOs, an exchange, people promoting ICOs, and most recently, an ICO investment fund. The SEC’s recent actions are… Read More

SEC Enforcement Co-Director Emphasizes Importance of International Cooperation to Combat ICO Fraud

Steven Peikin, Co-Director of the SEC’s Division of  Enforcement, told an audience at Harvard Law School this week that, given the increasingly cross-border nature of ICO and securities fundraising, “Collaboration with international regulators and law enforcement is critical to the SEC’s civil law enforcement success.”… Read More

Beijing Municipal Finance Director Nixes Unlicensed Security Tokens Any Time Soon, Advises “Awe of Supervision”

At the end of a long speech about cultivating an honest and effective wealth management industry in China’s political and financial capital, Beijing, Huo Xuewen, nixed the idea ICOs (initial coin offerings) will be allowed to quickly morph into security tokens (STOs) anytime soon. According… Read More

Initial Coin Offerings: I Have to File a Form 10? Great! What’s a Form 10?

Those who have read the SEC settlements with AirFox (CarrierEQ.Inc.) and Paragon Coin, Inc. published on November 16, 2018, will note that the defendant ICO issuers agreed, among other things, to register their “coins” under the Exchange Act (the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) by filing… Read More

Case Against Airfox and Paragon Initial Coin Offerings Makes Abundantly Clear SEC’s Approach to Post DAO ICOs

Last Friday, the SEC settled charges against two companies, CarrierEQ Inc. dba Airfox (“Airfox”) and Paragon Coin Inc. (“Paragon”), which raised money with initial coin offerings (“ICOs”).  The SEC found that both companies violated the registration provisions of the U.S. securities laws because neither company… Read More

Reading the Tea Leaves: Doug Ellenoff Shares Opinion on SEC Enforcement Action Against Two Post DAO Report ICO Issuers

Last week, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced enforcement actions against two initial coin offerings (ICOs): Paragon (Paragon Coin Inc.) and AirFox (CarrierEQ Inc. dba Airfox). As the SEC recounted in their Administrative filing: Airfox: “Between August and October 2017, AirFox offered and then… Read More

Republic’s GC Comments on SEC Enforcement Action Against Two ICOs: “Industry Participants Should Study this Settlement Closely”

Earlier today, CI reported on the first enforcement actions taken by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pertaining to post-DAO initial coin offerings (ICOs). The case is precedent setting and sets a clear path for enforcement officials to proceed with other ICO issuers who raised… Read More

First Two Sanctioned ICO Issuers Settle with SEC: Will Refund Investors, Register as Securities and Pay Fines [u]

This has been a big week for digital asset / ICO law in America. Yesterday, Maksim Zaslavskiy pleaded guilty to fraud in a federal court in Brooklyn for selling the digital tokens RECoin and Diamond Reserve Coin, tokens he falsely claimed were backed by real-world… Read More

EC VP Valdis Dombrovskis Comments on Regulation of Virtual Currencies & ICOs, Expects Commission to Publish Perspective Before End of Year

European Commission Vice-President Valdis Dombrovskis has issued a comment on the regulation of initial coin offerings (ICOs) and virtual currencies. The statement is part of an ongoing discussion within the European Parliament and the Commission. Dombrovskis is the Commissioner in charge of Financial Stability, Financial… Read More

France: Are ICOs a New Method of Finance? French Regulator AMF Publishes Report on Crypto

The Autorité des Marches Financiers (AMF) the regulator that has oversight of securities in France, has published a report on initial coin offerings. Entitled ICO Françaises: Un Nouveau Mode de Financement? – the document is a follow up to a year ago launch to the… Read More

Thailand to Approve First ICO Portal this Month, Others to Follow

The Thailand Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is expected to approve the first initial coin offering (ICO) portal at some point this month, according to a report in the Bangkok Post. The approval follows a royal decree from last May that stipulated that the Thai… Read More

Four More ICOs Sanctioned in Colorado

Colorado Securities Commissioner Gerald Rome has ordered four more issuers of initial coin offerings to stop selling unregistered securities in the Western American state. The latest round of cease and desist orders brings the total number of ICOs now sanctioned by Colorado to 12. Bitcoin… Read More

China Flags Crypto “Airdrops”

As part of ongoing government efforts to quash initial coin offerings (ICOs) in China, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) has extended prohibitions to cover “airdrops” -the promotional distribution of free cryptographic tokens- which may possibly be being used now in China to circumvent the… Read More

Thai Securities and Exchange Commission Warns Public About 9 Initial Coin Offerings

On Friday, the Securities and Exchange Commission of Thailand issued a warning to investors pertaining to nine different initial coin offerings (ICOs) / tokens. The Thai SEC stated these offerings, which are typically promoted via social media platforms such as Facebook, have not been reviewed… Read More

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